The Permian Basin Petroleum Museum in Midland, Texas, houses exhibits relating to the oil and gas industry of the Permian Basin of west Texas and southeast New Mexico. Museum exhibits include the geology of the area during the Permian period, racing cars designed by Jim Hall, and paintings by artist Tom Lovell.

The museum was founded in 1975. The collections are housed in a 60,000-square-foot (5,600 m2) building, with an outdoor exhibit space for large oil-field machinery. The museum is open to the public seven days per week.

The museum maintains a research library containing donated material related to the history of the Permian Basin oil industry. It also has a hall of fame, whose many inductees include the Odessa oil industrialist Bill Noël.