Oil company payrolls rose by 3,800 jobs across the United States in April, and nearly all of that expansion came in Texas, where drillers are flocking to tap into the prolific Permian Basin, the Dallas Fed said Thursday.

Explorers hired another 920 people in Texas while oil field services companies brought another 2,380 workers on board. The hiring of 3,300 Texans in April marked the fifth month in a row of job increases across the oil patch, a recovery that comes after a brutal downturn that cost Texas one in three of its oil workers.

Texas had about 214,100 oil industry jobs in April, up from around 200,000 during the worst of the oil bust this time last year, when the number of U.S. drilling rigs dropped to a record low of 404.

But if oil prices continue to languish below $45 a barrel, the surge in drilling may not carry over into next year, and the recovery in the job market could be short lived.
"There will be little change to drilling activity this year but spending budgets will start to be cut for 2018," said James West, an analyst at the investment bank Evercore ISI.